The Director of Fiscal Services and Control of Collection of the National Tax Administration Office (ONAT), Juan Carlos Vilaseca Mendez, said the press that this year must file their affidavit more than 180 000 taxpayers across the country, which processed by your county prosecutor.
This time the taxpayers help forthcoming to fill the model with specialists of the National Association of Economists and Accountants of Cuba, in the figures of Collector paying bookkeepers and municipal specialists ONAT.
This year, other individuals, including musicians, writers and others not classified as Self-Employed, also have the traditional model Affidavit income in pesos and foreign currencies, whether they have been exempted from payment, as decisions given by the Ministry of Finance and Prices.
In press reports published today is stated that the property tax or possession of vessels to cover up tomorrow, while land transportation will culminate on May 31 this year.
The tax preparation franchises seem to open by lot in all corners of the country. Whether you live in a large metropolitan city, or if you are in a small town in a rural area, everyone should make the tax return. Rich and poor must declare by April 15 of each year and a very large part of the population seeks to pay someone to help you with your return. The question of whether to enter the business tax or not is whether there is no market for this industry, but the best type of affiliation that will benefit most appropriate and how business operates, generating revenue as soon as possible. This is where the question of whether buying a franchise tax or an affiliate to put my own office is a better choice, as this will define the office and manage the financial requirements that need to grow.
Franchises typically require a large supply of capital investment, but provide a complete framework, a household name. The amount required to open a franchise on the type you choose, can range from $ 35,000 to $ 100,000. Most franchises require certain regulations for the business such as business administration, office space, training, rental contracts throughout the year, marketing campaigns and promotions, among others. The franchises also require to be paid a percentage of their annual net income, this percentage ranges from 20% to 35%. These charges are called franchise fees, and are very important when analyzing and comparing the choice between a franchise and other methods to achieve the tax office open, is special because share and net annual income can have a major impact on your business has the capacity to produce profits or losses.
Moreover the office affiliations are another option to start a tax preparation business – These affiliations offer requirements more accessible and affordable compared to a franchise. The memberships allow you to start your business with an initial capital from $ 500 to $ 5,000. The memberships give you the software to prepare returns, training, office models, tax and technology support and marketing programs. These programs are very similar to those offered by the franchise, I just do not get is the national recognition. For the tax preparation industry, the trend today is away from big franchises and get a membership that allows you to open your own business. This is due to several factors: tax preparation service and transaction is a personal, non-personal services such as selling commodities, the client pays more attention to the level and how competent the trainer is just a name on the door. The affiliations also offer office owners to obtain and if possible return profits in the first year.
Many people know that the interest paid on a mortgage is deductible from your income taxes. But they do not understand how it really works.
When you understand the form of a tax deduction, you should be able to estimate the amount of tax they would receive from owning your own home and paying a mortgage.
First, you must know what is deductible. In many cases, homeowners can deduct the amount of mortgage interest paid on your income. They are also able to deduct the amount of real estate taxes on the property.
For instance, a landlord and a tenant doing the same annual income of $ 60,000.
The tenant pays $ 1,000 a month in rent and receives no tax benefits to rent a house.
The homeowner has a fixed rate mortgage of $ 140,000 with an interest rate of 7%. The total mortgage payment is $ 1,100 a month. Pay $ 1,500 in taxes on real estate. Your total mortgage interest paid for this fiscal year was $ 9.755.
This is where taxes make a difference. The owner is able to deduct $ 11.255 of income before he calculates his tax liability. The tenant has no deduction on your income and is taxed at $ 11.255 more than the owner.
Let’s keep it simple and assume that they are in a tax bracket of 25%. The tenant is owed the IRS $ 15,000 in income taxes of $ 60,000. Owner’s taxable income has been reduced to $ 48.745 after retention. You only need $ 12.186 in taxes on income. The owner saves $ 2.814 in taxes each year. This represents a savings of $ 234 each month.
Basically, the monthly payment after tax of the house is really $ 866. The landlord is still paying $ 1,000. The homeowner gets to keep your home at the end.
There are many variables that can affect the amount of mortgage interest you pay each year. But often we can say that can take 20% of your mortgage payment to get a general idea of the tax benefits of owning.
Ask your lender. A good loan officer should be able to give a reasonable estimate of their mortgage interest payments and tax for a period of time. Many lenders will give you a calendar, to close at your home.
When determining the tax brackets and deductions, ask your CPA or attorney for tax advice. Your loan officer can not really help with the tax details.
The conclusion is to own your own home has many financial advantages. If you’re tired of spending their wages in rent, but getting nowher, home ownership may prove to be a more profitable solution for you.
Quickly approaching the end of file extensions taxes. What if you can not pay the amounts you owe? You still must file your return by the due date and pay for everything you can. However, there are additional steps that might help.
To apply a delivery payment plan, complete and attach Form 9465 to the front of your tax return. The IRS has streamlined the approval process if your total taxes (not counting interest, penalties or other additions) do not exceed $ 25,000 may be paid in five years or less. Be sure to show the amount of your proposed monthly payment and the date you wish to pay each month. Make absolutely sure you can make payments.
The IRS charges a $ 43 fee to set up a delivery agreement. He was also charged interest plus a late payment penalty on taxes not paid. The late payment penalty is usually half of one percent for each month or part of a month of unpaid taxes. The speed of the penalty is reduced to one quarter of one percent for any month delivery agreement is in effect if the return filed by the due date (including extensions). The default maximum penalty is 25 percent of the tax paid late.
If you do not file your return due date (including extensions), you will pay a penalty for filing late. The penalty for not paying on time and files is usually five percent of the unpaid tax for each month or part of a month your return is late. The maximum penalty for not paying on time and files is 25 percent of the unpaid tax.
Close to the IRS wants in the system, even if it is broken. Whatever you do, file your taxes on time. Once filed, the IRS will work with you on payment issues. It stood out. Keep in mind that millions of Americans have the same problem.
The County Tax Office is an agency independent of government and is elected for a term of four years in the presidential election year. It is essential that a county tax collector is independent to ensure that it can serve the taxpayers, local businesses and local and state agencies properly.
The functions of a county tax office are: • collection of property taxes each local government agency with power to collect taxes • serving the state as an agent for the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles, the department of environmental protection, the department of revenue and other local revenue programs • management, such as occupational licensing and collection of tourist development taxes the County Tax Office is a vital link between citizens and various programs that affect them and have the authority and resources to manage the state and local revenue programs.
A county tax office collections and distributions can have billions of dollars a year. This treatment requires conveniently located offices, skilled employees and innovative data systems to ensure that the functions of the county tax office efficiently and, most importantly, it works accurately.
Although revenues collected by the county tax office are mostly tax, county tax office is not funded with tax dollars but it is a fee office. Fees collected for services rendered by the county tax office used to finance the operating budget, which is approved by the department of revenue. Unfortunately, the workload of a County Tax Office, together with the profitability of operations, usually produce share gains that are over budget. Excessive rates are returned to local government bodies in proportion to the amount paid by the county tax office to receive tax collection services at the lowest possible cost.
Among other issues, the County Tax Office collects taxes invoice and real and personal property for the department of revenue. The actual tax amount is based on the appraised value of the property and the mileage rate, which is set by various taxing authorities. State cars also emit license applications and processes titles on cars, trucks, RVs and boats of the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles.
Most of the personal income tax with some form of qualification of municipal tax collector is sponsored by the local government services. This is because a tax collector has many financial obligations and responsibilities to be fulfilled in a timely manner. Achieving the status of qualified tax office indicates that an individual has demonstrated competence, knowledge and professionalism in the field.
Property taxes are one of the largest line item costs incurred by apartment owners. However, many owners do not appeal effectively. Even though owners realize that property taxes can be managed and reduced through an appeal, some view taxes as an arbitrary estimate provided by the government which can’t effectively be appealed.
Property taxes are one of the largest line item costs incurred by apartment owners. However, many owners do not appeal effectively. Even though owners realize that property taxes can be managed and reduced through an appeal, some view taxes as an arbitrary estimate provided by the government which can’t effectively be appealed. It tends to boil down to the old adage, “You can’t fight city hall”.
Fortunately, the property tax appeal process in Texas provides owners multiple opportunities to appeal. Handled either directly by the owner or by a property tax consultant, this process should involve an intense effort to annually appeal and minimize property taxes. Reducing the largest line item expense has a significant effect in reducing the owner’s overall operating expenses. While it is not possible to entirely escape the burden of paying property taxes, it is possible to reduce taxes sharply, often by 25% to 50%.
Why some owners don’t appeal
Some property owners don’t appeal because they either don’t understand the process, or don’t understand that there is a good probability of achieving meaningful reductions in property taxes. Some owners believe that since the market value of their property exceeds the assessed value, then it is not possible to appeal and reduce the property taxes. Although appeals on unequal appraisal are relatively new, there is a clear-cut way to appeal property taxes at the administrative hearing level based on unequal appraisal. Unequal appraisal occurs when property is assessed inconsistently with neighboring properties or comparable properties. Also, some owners are reluctant to hire a property tax consultant, even though many consultants will work on a contingent fee basis, in which there is no cost to the owner unless property taxes for the current year are reduced.
In years after the revaluation year the homeowner should find out what the assessment to sales ratio for his or her taxing district is in New Jersey. This ratio is announced each year and is available from the local tax assessor’s office. It represents the average at which the assessed value for all properties that sold in the past year was compared to their sales value in the municipality. Why is it important? It may provides a key factor in proving that you have received an unequal assessment and are entitled to file a discrimination challenge to your property assessment to win a tax reduction.
An unequal assessment is one made at a higher proportion of market value than an average of the other parcels on the roll. A year or so after a revaluation housing inflation often makes the assessment your tax assessor placed on your home look low compared to sales prices of comparable sold homes in your neighborhood. But watch out!
A low assessment to sale ratio in a municipality can fool some taxpayers into thinking that they are being assessed below market value and are therefore getting a break. However, if all assessments are set below market value then the tax rate must be increased in order to collect the necessary amount of tax revenue. The same amount of tax is collected, but the taxpayers are fooled into thinking they’ve gotten a break and do not search for malassessments.
Now, do not forget that the assessment to sales ratio (or common level ratio) is a key factor in getting you property tax relief. Let me explain. An important test for fairness of your assessment is not just its relationship to market value. It is also whether or not it is fair in relation to assessments on other properties in your town. For example, if you have a home with a market value of $800,000, but it is assessed at $600,000, you may think you are getting off cheaply. However, if your neighbor’s house which is comparable to yours is assessed at only $200,000, you are paying three times as much real property tax as you should!
When your property is under appeal the County Board of Taxation can adjust your home’s value to the common level. The taxpayer should know the average ratio in the municipality where the property under appeal is located before filing a tax appeal. Remember the ratio changes annually on October 1, for use in the subsequent tax year. Also, remember this adjustment to the common level is not used in the year of revaluation or reassessment when all properties have been brought to 100% of market value.
Once the County Tax Board determines the true market value of a property they are required to automatically compare that true market value to its assessment value. If the ratio of the assessment to the true value exceeds the average ratio by 15%, then the assessment is automatically reduced to the common level. The homeowner gets his property tax relief. But watch out! If the assessment to true value ratio falls below the common level, the County Tax Board is obligated to increase the assessment to the common level. The homeowner would then get his property tax increased. If the assessment falls within the common level range no adjustment is made.
Each year on October 1 of the pre-tax year the assessor establishes a value for each of the properties in the municipality for the following tax year. The annual assessment value is considered tentative during the period of public inspection of the new tax list from January 1 to January 10th. The purposes of the inspection period is to enable the taxpayer to ascertain what assessments have been made against him or her and to confer informally with the assessor as to the correctness of the assessments.
At this point your approach can be informal and will not require a formal, written appeal. Taxpayers have an opportunity only once each year to file a formal property tax appeal. Get your tax form for property tax appeal purposes from your County Board of Taxation web site. Generally, it must be received by the County Board of Taxation on or before April 1 of the tax year. If the taxpayer misses the deadline for filing a formal appeal the taxpayer must wait until the following year to make a challenge for any tax relief.
The Property Tax Doctor can help the average homeowner win his rightful property tax relief. Under the common level adjustment, described above, the New Jersey’s statutory standard for an acceptable property tax assessment margin of error in its calculation is 15%. In New Jersey where the average homeowner in 2006 paid about $5,000 per year in property taxes that amounts to an acceptable error of $750 in the propertytax bill. If we administered our Federal Tax bill with that 15% margin of error we would have a taxpayer revolt.
Because each home owner who protest their assessments, with a knowledge of how the property tax assessment system works, often recieve $500 to $1000 tax savings, if not more annually on their property tax bill. Simply stated the property tax bill is calculated by multiplying the homeowner’s assessment times the local property tax rate and subtracting any tax deductions for which the individual home owner is eligible.The property tax doctor can show you how to lower your assessment and thereby reducepx d your property tax bill! The property tax doctor is a former tax assessor who knows first hand how difficult it is for the average person to penetrate the tax assessor’s bureaucratic jungle comprised of arcane terms and practices.
Because each home owner who protest their assessments, with a knowledge of how the property tax assessment system works, often recieve $500 to $1000 tax savings, if not more annually on their property tax bill. Simply stated the property tax bill is calculated by multiplying the homeowner’s assessment times the local property tax rate and subtracting any tax deductions for which the individual home owner is eligible. Read the rest of this entry »
Preparing for Your Hearing
Once a protest has been filed, a protest hearing will be scheduled. Four types of data should be compiled for the hearing: pictures of the subject property, an income analysis, comparable sales data and assessment comparables. Pictures of the subject property should indicate the quality and condition of the improvements on the property. If there is deferred maintenance, document it with pictures and bids. An income analysis should include a profit and loss statement for the previous year and a rent roll for a date near January 1 of the current tax year (most states use January 1 as the effective date for assessment.) The analysis should also detail market rent, market vacancy and market expenses (including reserve for replacement) to derive net operating income for the property (neither depreciation nor debt service should be deducted when calculating net operating income).
If your property has above-market occupancy or rental rates or below-market operating expenses, you should make adjustments when calculating net operating income. If you operate your own property, your income analysis should include an allowance for labor and management fees (if they are not in the profit and loss statement). Revenue not directly related to real estate rental (box sales, truck rentals, etc.) should be excluded. Related expenses should also be excluded. The net operating income is then capitalized to derive an indication of value for the property.
An appraisal may be appropriate to support the value conclusion. Comparable sales are given strong consideration at the hearing because they are an indication of market value. Data from sales of comparable properties for the past year or two should be collected and reviewed. Assessment comparables are given strong consideration at some appraisal districts but not considered at others. Pictures of competing properties that are assessed for less than your property can be an effective tool for cutting your property taxes. Prepare a table summarizing your property and the assessment comparables.
Attending Your Hearing(s) (Informal and Appraisal Review Board)
Once all the pertinent data has been collected and analyzed, the protest hearing process begins. The initial protest hearing is called an “informal” hearing. The informal hearing involves a meeting between the owner, or his designated representative, and an appraiser from the appraisal district. If the owner is not satisfied with the offer made by the appraiser, he may proceed to the next level of the protest process, an appraisal review board hearing (in some states this is referred to as the board of equalization). The appraisal review board hearing, also referred to as the “formal” hearing, involves a meeting with members of the appraisal review board, an appraiser from the county appraisal district (who may be different from the appraiser at the informal hearing) and the owner or his designated representative. The Appraisal Review Board panel may set a value which is equal to, lower than or higher than the level proposed by the staff appraiser at the informal hearing; therefore, the offer made at the informal hearing deserves careful consideration.
The majority of protests are resolved during the informal and formal hearings. However, in a small portion of protests the property owner believes the assessed value can be cut further by filing a judicial appeal. Although few owners pursue the final opportunity to reduce their taxes, owners have the option to file a lawsuit to contest the assessed value. It is probably financially feasible to file suit if the judicial appeal will reduce the assessed value by at least $200,000 to $300,000. This rule of thumb is for Texas; it may be higher or lower in other areas. In Harris County (Texas), for example, about 500 to 800 property owners annually determine there is still enough discrepancy after completing the informal and formal hearings to further pursue an adjustment in the assessed value by filing suit. Litigation in Texas must be filed within 45 days of receiving written notification of the value set at the formal hearing. This process can result in additional reductions in the assessed value; however, it typically takes 12 to 24 months and requires services from both an attorney and an appraiser. Although relatively few owners under-stand how to pursue judicial appeals, they can be a very effective tool in lowering property taxes.
With property taxes making up such a large percentage of operating expense, a commercial property owner I know was recently pleased when his consultant informed him that the company saved over $123,000 in property taxes. Some owners will realize less savings than those, but every little bit helps your bottom line.
Taxes, may be forced to budget a “big chunk” of their operating budgets each year for property taxes. You should always be looking for a way to increase the return on your investment, and reducing property tax expenses can have a significant impact on your bottom line.
Market Value vs. Assessed Value
Many investors have asked why Texas property taxes keep increasing even though their revenue has declined and operating expenses have increased. In addition, some appraisal districts have been slow to recognize the huge increases in insurance expenses. Since property taxes are such a material expense, investors have realized they need to review assessments annually. Most Texas real estate investors appeal their property tax assessment annually. Read the rest of this entry »